1 .Stone Spheres in Costa Rica
If you go to the Osa region of Puntarenas, Costa Rica, you will see giant stone spheres scattered around the wild. Researchers believe that they were created in the Pre-Columbian between 500-1500 BCE.
Locally known as ‘Las Bolas’, these spheres have a diameter of 2.5 m. They were made from gabbro, a smooth rock formed from molten magma.
Some believe the rocks had religious purposes, while others think they may have been used to study astronomy. The truth is, nobody knows why these rocks were created.
2. Antony and Cleopatra
Cleopatra is a legend. She was the ruler of ancient Egypt – the very last in a long legacy of the Ptolemaic dynasty that ruled between 305 and 30 BCE. She was married to Mark Antony. Her life has been a subject of great interest. But there is an unsolved mystery around her death.
Plutarch, a Roman historian, came up with this theory based on his studies on the couple. He supported his theory by saying that Cleopatra had built a tomb for herself (a common practice among Egyptian rulers) and she was to be buried there after her death. The tomb was located close to her royal palace.
Historians believe that the tombs were lost when ancient Alexandria sunk beneath the ocean floor. An archaeologist named Kathleen Martinez challenged this idea by saying that their tombs were buried in the temple of Isis and Osiris at Taposiris Magna. It is located about 45 km to the west of Alexandria.
It seems like a logical place for Cleopatra and Antony’s tomb. It was a significant temple place for them. The real location of Cleopatra and Antony’s tomb is still unknown, but there are several such possibilities.
3. Mysterious Band of Holes
Archaeologists are interested in the strangest things. One of the mysteries that they have been trying to solve for decades is how the ‘Band of Holes’ came to be. These are a series of holes found on the rocks of Pisco Valley which is a part of the Nasca Plateau in Peru.
Locally known as ‘Monte Sierpe’ or ‘Serpent Mountain’, they are about 6000 holes carved into the rock. Nobody is sure about who made these holes or what their purpose could be. However, researchers suggest that they were either made for defense against approaching enemies or to mark gr4. The Stonehenge Mystery
The Stonehenge has a very mysterious aura. At first sight, it’s just large pieces of stones in the shape of horseshoes. They were laid out in concentric circles on a field called Salisbury Plain for nearly 4000 years.
Yet we know very little about why the Stonehenge was created. Historians believe that the Stonehenge could either have had astronomical or healing purposes.
While there are theories that the Druids built the Stonehenge, this cannot be confirmed. One clue to understanding why the Stonehenge was made would be to know who exactly made it. So, although we can estimate when it was made, we cannot confirm till date who built it or why.
5. Strange Nazca Lines
One of the biggest archaeological mysteries of Peru is the existence of Nazca Lines’. They are geometric designs made to look like humans, monkeys, spiders and birds. These are made with swirly and straight lines and shapes like triangles, rectangles and even trapezoids.
Archaeologists have spent decades trying to understand – how these lines were made, who made them and for what purpose. So far, they have found 800 straight lines and 300 geometric figures that represent animals and plants. The designs are called ‘biomorphs’.
The lines themselves are called ‘geoglyphs”. Geoglyphs are drawn on the ground on a surface like rocks or earth. They might have been created nearly 2000 years ago by the Nazca people who lived from 1 to 7000 AD.
The lines could have been created for astronomical studies. A researcher named Johan Reinhard thought that this was a false explanation. Instead, the lines were supposed to point to places nearby where the Nazca people held their rituals.
Despite there being so many unproven theories out there, researchers are not disheartened. Reinhard once said that since so many archaeologists, anthropologists and historians were on the case of solving this mystery, slowly, but surely, it will be solved one day.
6. Decoding the Voynich Manuscript
The Voynich manuscript is an ancient document dating back to the 15″ century. Though its origin is unknown, researchers believe that it was from the Italian Renaissance period.
It has been more than a 100 years since its discovery and people have been trying to find out what the manuscript says. However, the words and illustrations of the manuscript are yet to be decoded for their meaning.
So far, all we know is that the document has six parts with information on medicine, herbology, astronomy, biology and cosmology. What are they about? That is as much of a mystery as the rest of the manuscript!
7. The Lost Collection
Back in 332 BCE, Alexandria was one of the major cities of the world. It was the capital city of Egypt and a center for Hellenic studies. Scholars traveled from different parts of the Mediterranean to study science and other subjects. The Library of Alexandria was a major part of the research institute of Alexandria.
A scholar could walk into the library and find a scroll among the many millions written about subjects like science, history, drama, philosophy and poetry. But then a man named Hypatia or Peter the Reader burned down the library for unknown causes. Researchers are trying to piece it together from what survived.
8. Sinkhole Full Of Money
Sinkholes are formed when land collapses gradually or suddenly leaving behind pits or craters in the ground. Like the sinkholes in Siberia, there is a very famous sinkhole in Canada.
Their first clue was that the sinkhole was surrounded by little signs and flagstones. The catch is that such signs were discovered more than 200 years ago, and the pit fills up with every time it rains!
Someone seemingly dug deeper into the sinkhole once though .people have been digging this sinkhole for the treasure ever since.
9. The Rongorongo Code
The rongorongo code is an ancient language that archaeologists have been trying to decode for decades, decoding a language helps unlock the wisdom, knowledge and secrets of an ancient world. There are several languages like the rongorongo code that have yet to be decoded.
The Indus valley script, which is the language used by the sophisticated people of this ancient civilization, is another such language. it was used to document the lives and experiences of the Indus valley people. What’s strange is that the rongorongo script is quite like the Indus valley script despite being found nears the Pacific Ocean. It was used 5000 years after the Indus valley script.
How the two scripts are similar and what do they say? This is still unsolved Mystery!
10. The Mysterious White Horse
To archaeologists and historians, the ‘uffington white horse’ is very important .Lying close to the mysterious Stonehenge, it is an elegant chalk drawing etched onto the fields of Oxford-shire . It is nearly 400 feet long.
This horse has been lying in the same place for 3000 years or more and dates back to the Bronze Age. If you are on the ground you might not consider it very impressive, but try looking at it from a helicopter! Everything about it is a mystery, including if it really is a horse! Could it be a dragon or a lion? Who built it and how? What was reason? This is all unknown!