Saladin was the principal Sultan of Egypt and Syria who established the well known Ayyubid line. He was conceived around 1138 Tikrit, Mesopotamia, which is presently in Iraq.
He picked up command over Yemen and Palestine also. He was a strict and heartless ruler. He had gigantic military and political aptitudes to remain the unchallenged pioneer of the Arabs.
He supported the development and spread of Islamic religious organizations. He sought their researchers and ministers and in addition developed schools and mosques. He passed away in 1193.